FARADAY, MICHAEL

FARADAY, MICHAEL
   a highly distinguished chemist and natural philosopher, born at Newington Butts, near London, of poor parents; received a meagre education, and at 13 was apprenticed to a bookseller, but devoted his evenings to chemical and electrical studies, and became a student under Sir H. Davy, who, quick to detect his ability, installed him as his assistant; in 1827 he succeeded Davy as lecturer at the Royal Institution, and became professor of Chemistry in 1833; was pensioned in 1835, and in 1858 was allotted a residence in Hampton Court; in chemistry he made many notable discoveries, e. g. the liquefaction of chlorine, while in electricity and magnetism his achievements cover the entire field of these sciences, and are of the first importance (1791-1867).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Faraday, Michael — born Sept. 22, 1791, Newington, Surrey, Eng. died Aug. 25, 1867, Hampton Court English physicist and chemist. Son of a blacksmith, he received only a basic education in a church Sunday school, but he went to work as an assistant to Humphry Davy,… …   Universalium

  • Faraday , Michael — (1791–1867) British physicist and chemist Faraday s father was a blacksmith who suffered from poor health and could only work irregularly. Faraday, who was born in Newington, knew real poverty as a child and his education was limited for he left… …   Scientists

  • Faraday, Michael — (1791–1867)    Scientist.    Faraday was the son of a blacksmith working in London. He started his scientific career as an assistant to Sir Humphry Davy and became Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution in 1827. He is remembered as the… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Faraday, Michael — (1791–1867) English scientist. The son of a blacksmith, Faraday was apprenticed to a bookbinder when he attracted the attention of Sir Humphrey Davy in 1812. His discovery of electro magnetic ‘lines of force’ and his view of the atom as merely a… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Faraday,Michael — Far·a·day (fărʹə dā , dē), Michael. 1791 1867. British physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1831) and proposed the field theory later developed by Maxwell and Einstein. * * * …   Universalium

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  • Faraday, Michael — ► (1791 1867) Físico y químico británico. Pudo, con la ayuda de un voltímetro de su invención, establecer las leyes cualitativas de la electrólisis, debiéndosele las denominaciones de «ánodo» y «cátodo». Sus descubrimientos más importantes son:… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Faraday, Michael — (1791 1867)    Natural philosopher, s. of a blacksmith, was b. in London, and apprenticed to a book binder. He early showed a taste for chemistry, and attended the lectures of Sir H. Davy (q.v.), by whom he was, in 1813, appointed his chemical… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

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